عنوان مقاله [English]
An investment manager puts the investment fund in a stable position before the market rises and falls. With this approach, in this study, an attempt has been made to model the factors affecting the timing of liquidity in Iranian mutual funds using Structural Equation Modeling (SEM). To achieve this goal, the required information was collected by survey and by designing a questionnaire from investors, experts and specialists in the Iranian capital market for the year 2020. Based on the results, external factors (with a path coefficient of 0.281) and internal factors (with a path coefficient of 0.419) have a significant effect on the timing of liquidity in mutual funds. The larger the coefficient of the path of internal factors indicates the fact that these factors have a stronger effect on the liquidity timing of mutual funds than external factors. Finally, the variables of interest rates on deposits, parallel market and stock returns, inflation rate, oil revenues, economic growth and political developments are external factors that respectively with path coefficients 0.786, 0.827, 0.664, 0.506, 0.582 and 0.404 and the variables of fund management ability and skill, relative life and size of the fund, net value and percentage of cash assets of the fund, return, profitability and capital expenditures of the fund, risks facing the fund and the number of industries in the fund's investment portfolio are intra-corporate factors that respectively with path coefficients 0.756, 0.426, 0.736, 0.553, 0.767 and 0.580, have a significant effect on the liquidity scheduling of mutual funds.